Plants

Soybean (Glycine max)

By , on July 27, 2021 - 5 minutes to read
Soybean (Glycine max)

Where is the soybeans produced?

The main soybean producers are the United States, Brazil, Argentina, China and India. Since World War II, the United States has dominated the market, but has been gradually overtaken by Brazil.

Why is soybean one of the most important crops in the world?

The main reason why soybean cultivation has become so dominant is that it allows for the low-cost production of all kinds of foodstuffs: vegetable oils, animal feed and even other products such as paints and inks.

Where is soy grown in Brazil?

Soybeans have traditionally been grown in southern Brazil, but since the late 1970s new fields have been established mainly in the central-western part of the country, particularly in the Cerrado savannah.

Where is the soy used to make our delicious products grown?

The three main producing countries are the United States, Brazil and Argentina.

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How to grow soybeans?

Start by aerating the soil with a hook. Then make furrows a few centimetres deep, 60 to 80 cm apart. Place the seeds every 5 cm in the furrow, then cover it with soil to close it. The soybeans are harvested in late summer.

How to grow soybeans in Africa?

Three to five seeds per bunch are sown at a depth of 3 to 5 cm. The sowing distance is 10-20 cm between two bunches and 50-60 cm between rows when ploughing flat. For ridges, 10 cm between plants and 70-80 cm between ridges are required (Figure 3).

How to succeed in the soybean field?

Soybeans should be grown on flat or gently sloping land; sandy loam soils, Vertisols, clay soils; deep, light, well-drained soils; sandy, heavy, stony or lateritic soils; and hydromorphic soils (soils in low-lying areas or that retain water during the rainy season) should be avoided.

How to grow soybeans?

Soybeans should be sown on well-warmed soil (soil temperature of 8-10°C). For this reason, it is best to start sowing this crop in the first half of May. A sowing depth of 3 to 4 cm is sufficient.

How to get a good soybean crop?

It is advisable to choose a well-drained but not gravelly soil. Soybeans prefer deep, sandy soil with good water retention capacity. Soya is a delicate plant that does not like too wet soil. It accepts light soils and is very tolerant of poor, acidic soils.

What climate for soybeans?

Sowing in sufficiently warm soil Temperature: Sowing can be started when the soil is sufficiently warm, around 10°C.

What type of soil for soybeans?

Heavy soil: in autumn. Soft or weak soil: 3 weeks before sowing. Weeding and harvesting of the first pods. No large stones on the surface to avoid combining damage.

Why is soy bad for the planet?

The production of soybean oil requires heavy industrial processes, large quantities of chemical solvents such as hexane, which can contribute to local pollution and create greenhouse gases.

Is soy good for your health?

Soy foods are also good for your heart health because they are low in saturated fat and do not raise your cholesterol level.

Is soy an endocrine disruptor?

Scientists warn against over-consumption of soy, which is considered an endocrine disruptor, and advise against it for people with thyroid problems, pregnant women, women who have had hormone-dependent cancers, especially breast cancer, children under three years of age and people who have suffered a stroke.

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